Nessebar

in Bulgarian: Несебър , also known as: Nesebar, Nessebur, Nesebur

Information

Nessebar Bulgaria - general view, panorama
Nessebar - location on the map / GPS

Nessebar is situated on a small peninsula built from rocks and linked with the mainland by a narrow 400 m long isthmus. The narrow streets crossing each other in a labyrinth, the beautiful wooden houses from the Revival period, the unique churches standing at every corner from the individuality of the Old town of Nessebar.

The island-museum is only 300 m wide, 850 m long, but it keeps precise landmarks from all the ages of the culture. A romantic haven for fishermen, artists and lovers of beauty.

This is a unique natural configuration for the whole European coastline. A port in Thracian times, at the end of the 6th century B.C. the Dorian Greeks turned it into a lively trade center while preserving its Thracian name of Mesambria. Some of the finest achievements of mediaeval church architecture are preserved here.

The ancient fortress wall, the town's churches with splendid appearance and over 60 National Revival period houses characterize the town of Nessebar as one of Bulgaria's oldest and most picturesque landmarks. The town has preserved so remarkable churches that they were announced as monuments of exceptional quality.

Nessebar is located only 3 km away from Sunny Beach – Bulgaria’s most luxurious and most popular Black Sea resorts. The municipality of Nessebar includes 6 resorts – Nessebar, Sunny Beach, Obzor, Elenite, St Vlas and Ravda. Combined, these resorts offer accommodation for around 300,000 tourists and have around 1000 restaurants; this makes the municipality of Nessebar the biggest tourist conglomeration in Bulgaria. The closest big city with an international airport is Bourgas – 20 km away.

It is believed that Nessebar’s beach is second to none in Bulgaria; a big part of it is sand dunes. Everything is developed in Nessebar in terms of tourist conveniences: lodging and accommodation, dining services, bar services and nightlife, cultural sightseeing. Of course there are many hotels in town but the private houses are again both the most deluxe.

There are conditions for the whole range of water sports as well: water skiing, ski jumping, jet skiing, yachting, windsurfing, scuba diving, etc.

There are numerous discoveries dating from the Bronze Age, testifying this city-museum’s more than three millennia history. A large part of the ancient town has been irreversibly destroyed - the originally some 40 ha large peninsula is a mere 24 ha today. Dating back to the 12th-6th century B.C. are a gate and the now submerged remains of the town's former fortifications. Other remains include the ruins of fortress walls and carved limestone towers, archaeological remnants of the agora in the center, of the acropolis, of an ancient temple, of the peristyle and of several dwellings. Unaffected by Roman rule, the town existed independently before it became part of Byzantium, together with the entire Balkan Peninsula. In the year 71 B.C.

Nessebar was taken under Roman influence and it was not until the year 395 when the town fell under Byzantine domination (most probably resulting from the death of Emperor Theodosus. In 812 Khan Krum lead e two weeks battle to capture the town back to Bulgaria.

The most important monument surviving from Byzantine times is the St. Sophia basilica, also known as the Old Metropolitan (rising in the place of an ancient agora).

Within the boundaries of the Bulgarian state during the 13th and 14th century, when the country was at its strongest both politically and economically, experiencing a cultural upsurge, Nessebar was a town of 40 churches (built during the 11th to 14th century), some of them so remarkable to be announced for monuments of exceptional quality.

Preserved until the present of these are: the New Metropolitan - St. Stefan, St. John the Baptist, St. Todor, St. Paraskeva, Chtist Pantocrator, St. John Aliturgetos, and the Sts. Arcangels Michael and Gabriel church. The New Metropolitan or St. Stefan (11th c.) is one of the last representatives of basilicas in medieval Bulgaria with perfectly preserved murals dated 1593 and 1599. Some of the compositions are influenced by Italian painting but maritime themes and subjects are nevertheless characteristic. St. John the Baptist (10th-11th c.) represents the transition between a basilica and a cross-domed church.

Christ Pantocrator is one of the best preserved medieval churches in Bulgaria. The exterior facades are decorated with colourful ceramics depicting different motifs. Similar in shape but with richer decoration and sculptures is the St. John Aliturgetos church. Its facades are intricately broken by pilasters and arches, with rhythmically alternating white stone and red bricks.

The Sts. Archangels church has extremely picturesque facades with two rows of decorative blind arches, the upper row being broken by large semi-circular gables.

On the whole, the mediaeval Nessebar churches are characterized by intricate decorative elements and combinations of stone and bricks, by immured glazed ceramic discs and four-leaved rosettes. Niches, consoles and arcades also break the facades. The houses, which lend their peculiar 19th century air to present-day Nessebar, were built during the Bulgarian National revival Period.

The typical 18th-19th century Nessebar house has small yards facing the street, which is demarcated by the walls of the lower floors and fences. A wooden staircase leads up to the second floor, which is lightly structured and completely faced with wood. The overhanging roof eaves serve to optically narrow the streets still further. The central living quarters are occupied by the parlour from which numerous doors lead to the remaining rooms. Wooden ceilings and whitewashed walls characterize the interior. The upper-floor windows are wide; those on the ground floor are narrow and few in number. The Ivan Markov, Pipcherkov, Capt. Pavel, Bogotov, Zhelyu Bogdanov, Lambrinov, Toulev, Diamandiev, Hadjitraev, Hristo Kochev and Mouskoyani houses are all worth seeing.

Captain's house - built in the style of the Bulgarian National Revival, situated on the high stone coast above the port. The elevated stone basement is occupied by store rooms on two levels. On the floor above there are a T-shaped parlour and 4 spacious rooms in the corners, which open on the facade. A relief badge of the guild is inbuilt on the southern wall.

Mouskoyani house - follows almost the same inner design as the Captain's house. The parlour has an abundantly decorated ceiling, adorned with a round rosette. An ethnographical exposition has been arranged in the house.

Nessebar's intransient value and its centuries-old cultural wealth have gained due recognition with its inclusion in the List of World Cultural Heritage in 1983.

Nessebar is unique, antique, picturesque, romantic, generously gifted by nature. It is paradise on Earth, a must-see on the Bulgarian Black Sea Coast.


Reviews

Add review Please click on button [Add review] and share with us your opinion. By sharing your experiences you're helping travellers make better choices for their trips. Thank you! We show only 5 last comments. There are total 25 comments. To view all reviews/comments please visit page with all Nessebar reviews.
Walter | 2 out of 2 found this review helpful But be aware where you change your currency. When you enter the city gate of the old town of Nessebar on the right side you can find a museum, then you may see an old house hosting a cafe Whodini and some shops etc. In the same house there is also an exchange office with good exchange rates. But in fact if you are not very careful the guy who is working there will cheat you out of money. So you will have to be very careful if you want to change money in that office! Was this review helpful to you? Yes No roisin | 2 out of 2 found this review helpful i didnt find nessebar all that i heard it was a most vist we decied 2 get the boat out and found it very expensive for the boat there were lots of resteronts so i would say if your going go for your dinner the food was nice in the restront we ate in looking out on 2 the sea the we went shopping but i didnt find the shopping very good ther they have lots of shops but sell the same thing in most as we were leafing we had some1 fallow me which i have a felling was a pick pocket but i said it out load 2 a friend and he just walked of then but he was devenly fallowing me for about ([+]view more) 20min i would say watch your self there and stay with friends then we went to get a taix be carefully as we were aproced by a man pretending 2 be a taxi overing us 20 levs back but he was not a taxi check for signs on the car before getting in we found reall taxi renk but make sure 2 agree a price before getting in dont go on the meater we paid 30 levs comming back but i still did not find it all that good. Was this review helpful to you? Yes No Gina Walker | 2 out of 2 found this review helpful i have been to bulgaria 14 times and i love the place. nessebur is such a beautiful place with wonderful scenery and great people all over. i have stayed in different resorts but sunny beach is my favourite. i would reccomend bulgaria to anyone. Was this review helpful to you? Yes No jade | 2 out of 2 found this review helpful i have been to old nessebur several times and just cant stop going back. i love the scenery, i love the people, i love the food(only 2 resteraunts tho.. old anchor and panarama) everything is very cheap and i could recommend it anymore than i already do. i love this country and one day would seriously consider moving there! Was this review helpful to you? Yes No patricia kolbow | 1 out of 1 found this review helpful I't been 2 year since we visited Nessebur.We loved
  the sights and sounds.Everyone treated us very
well.I someday would like to return and visit the seaside....
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